In Memory of
C W Cumner
1st Bn., London Regt (Royal Fusiliers)
who died on
Wednesday, 24th April 1918.
Additional Information: Son of Mr. W. Cumner, of 16, Mansfield Rd., Ilford, Essex.
Cemetery: ADELAIDE CEMETERY, VILLERS-BRETONNEUX, Somme, France
Grave Reference/ Panel Number: II. Q. 24.
Location: Villers-Bretonneux is a town 16 kilometres east of Amiens and the Cemetery is situated west of the village on the north side of the main road from Amiens to St. Quentin.
Historical Information: The town became famous in 1918, when the German advance on Amiens ended (on 24th April) in the capture of Villers-Bretonneux by German tanks and infantry. On the following night the 4th Australian and 5th Australian Divisions, with units of the 8th and 18th (British) Divisions carried out "an enterprise of great daring" and recaptured the whole of the village. The Cemetery was begun early in June, 1918, and used by the 2nd Australian and 3rd Australian Divisions, acquiring its present name in July. By the middle of August it was a cemetery of 90 graves (the greater part of the present Plot I, Rows A to E), and then the British advance, begun on the 8th August, put an end to its use. After the Armistice, however, a large number of graves were brought into the cemetery from small graveyards and isolated positions on the North, West and South of Villers-Bretonneux. They were, without exception, those of men who fell in the months from March to September, 1918. Plot I was filled; Plot II was made, almost entirely with British graves, and Plot III almost entirely with Australian. There are now nearly 1,000, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. Of these, over 250 are unidentified and 4 Australian soldiers, known, or believed to be buried among the graves, are commemorated on special headstones. The 13th Australian Infantry Brigade, the 49th, 50th, 51st and 52nd Australian Infantry Battalions and the 22nd Durham Light Infantry erected wooden memorial crosses in the cemetery to commemorate their dead in the actions of Villers-Bretonneux. The cemetery covers an area of about 5,000 square metres. ON THE 2nd NOVEMBER, 1993, FOLLOWING A REQUEST BY THE GOVERNMENT OF AUSTRALIA, AN UNKNOWN AUSTRALIAN SOLDIER KILLED IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR WAS EXHUMED FROM PLOT III, ROW M, GRAVE 13, AND IS NOW BURIED IN THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL IN CANBERRA. The following were the more considerable graveyards,concentrated into Adelaide Cemetery:- EMBANKMENT CEMETERY, VILLERS-BRETONNEUX, which was used by the 4th Australian and 2nd Australian Divisions from the end of April to July, 1918. It contained the graves of 37 Australian soldiers and 1 British airman. It was a little West of Adelaide Cemetery, beside the railway and behind a Dressing Station. CHALK LANE CEMETERY, VILLERS-BRETONNEUX, a hundred metres from Adelaide Cemetery, used in April and May, 1918, and contained the graves of 14 soldiers from the United Kingdom and 10 from Australia. WHITE CHATEAU CEMETERY, CACHY, between L'Abbe Wood and the railway, half a kilometre West of Adelaide Cemetery. It was used from April to August, 1918, and it contained the graves of 23 soldiers from Australia, 9 from the United Kingdom and 2 from Canada. CACHY BRITISH CEMETERY, on the North-Western outskirts of the village of Cachy, contained the graves of 2 British soldiers who fell in March, 1918, and 10 Canadians who fell in August.